Right to be forgotten on the internet in Europe and Russia

Ekaterina Andryushchenko

Resumo


http://dx.doi.org/10.18316/2237-8049.2016.2

The article discusses the legal basis for establishing the right to be forgotten in Europe: Data Protection Directive, Proposal for General Data Protection Regulation and, Especially, the European case Google v. González, where search results by an individual’s name were recognised as personal data, and search engine operators as data controllers, so the right to block such search results were established. The article also compares newly enacted Russian law with the European approach.

Keywords: Right to be forgotten. Access to information. Internet.

 

Direito ao esquecimento na Internet em Europa e Rússia

Resumo

O artigo discute a base jurídica para o estabelecimento do direito ao esquecimento na Europa: Diretiva de Proteção de Dados, Proposta de Regulamento Geral de Proteção de Dados e, especialmente, o precedente europeu Google v. González, em que os resultados de pesquisa pelo nome de um indivíduo foram reconhecidos como dados pessoais, e os operadores de pesquisa (search engine operators) como controladores de dados, de modo que o direito de bloquear tais resultados de pesquisa foram implementados. O artigo também analisa a recém-aprovada lei russa com uma abordagem comparativa europeia.

Palavras-chave: Direito ao esquecimento. Acesso à informação. Internet.


Palavras-chave


Right to be forgotten. Access to information. Internet.

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Referências


BALL, JAMES. Costeja González and a memorable fight for the 'right to be forgotten'. The Guardian (14 May 2014). Available on http://www.theguardian.com/world/blog/2014/may/14/mario-costeja-gonzalez-fight-right-forgotten. Last visited on 1 November, 2015.

BRAZIL. Projeto de Lei PL 7881/2014. Available on: http://www.camara.gov.br/proposicoesWeb/fichadetramitacao?idProposicao=621575. Last visited on 31.10.2015.

CJEU. Google Spain SL and Google Inc. v Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD) and Mario Costeja González, C 131/12, EU:C:2014:317.

EU. Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (hereinafter – the Data Protection Directive or the Directive). [1995] OJ L 281/31.

_____. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation) COM/2012/011 final. Available on: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2012:0011:FIN. Last visited on 30 October 2015.

European Commission, Press release: Commission proposes a comprehensive reform of data protection rules to increase users' control of their data and to cut costs for businesses. Available on: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-12-46_en.htm?locale=en. Last visited on 30 October 2015.

Google. Search removal request under data protection law in Europe. Available on https://support.google.com/legal/contact/lr_eudpa?product=websearch. Last visited on 25 October 2015.

HÖRNLE, JULIA. Google's algorithms, search results and relevancy under data protection law - whose data quality? Entertainment Law Review, n. 25(6), p. 211-212, 2014.

House of Lords, European Union Committee. EU Data Protection law: a ‘right to be forgotten’? (30 July 2014). Available on: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldselect/ldeucom/40/40.pdf. Last visited on 1 November 2015.

KOUTRAKOS, PANOS. To strive, to seek, to Google, to forget. European Law Review, n. 39(3), p. 294, 2014.

LEE, DAVE. What is the 'right to be forgotten'? BBC News (13 May 2014). Available on http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-27394751. Last visited on 5 November, 2014

RUSSIA. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Собрание законодательства РФ [Collection of Legislation of RF], 17.06.1996, No 25, Art. 2954

_____. Federal law No 264-FZ on 13.07.2015, Собрание законодательства РФ [Collection of Legislation of RF], 20.07.2015, No 29 (part I), Art. 4390.

_____. Proposed legislation No 804140-6. Available on: http://asozd.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/%28Spravka%29?OpenAgent&RN=804140-6. Last visited on 26 October 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18316/2237-8049-2016.2

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