A prática de mindfulness (MBSR) como dispositivo terapêutico no tratamento da depressão em pacientes HIV-positivo: resultados de um estudo-piloto

Vitor Friary, Samantha Farag

Resumo


Este estudo-piloto investigou a utilidade do Programa Mindfulness de Redução de Estresse (MBSR) de 8 semanas em 17 participantes HIV­-positivos apresentando sintomas de depressão leve à moderada. Foram utilizados questionários para avaliar os sintomas de depressão (escala HADS) e flexibilidade psicológica (AAQ-II), bem como uma análise qualitativa de como o tratamento afetou a capacidade dessas pessoas em lidar com sintomas de depressão e o diagnóstico de HIV. Os resultados sugerem que houve uma redução significativa dos sintomas de depressão entre pós-tratamento, início de tratamento e fase de espera. Do mesmo modo houve um aumento significativo na flexibilidade psicológica após tratamento. Os resultados desse estudo indicam que o Programa Min­dfulness de Redução de Estresse é altamente eficaz no âmbito clínico, oferecendo novas perspectivas terapêuticas no tratamento da depressão para portadores de HIV. Discutem-se os processos cognitivos en­volvidos na prática de mindfulness que mediam essas mudanças nos pacientes, e são oferecidas recomendações de como integrar práticas de mindfulness dentro do contexto terapêuti­co da clínica para atendimento a pessoas que vivem com HIV/ AIDS.

Palavras-chave


HIV; mindfulness; depressão; flexibilidade psicológica

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18316/1219

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