Venomous animal accidents and phytotherapeutic measures adopted by the rural population in Alagoas backlands (Brazil)

Solma Lúcia Souto Maior de Araújo Baltar, Cledson dos Santos Magalhães, Maria Lusia de Morais Belo Bezerra, Maria Betânia Monteiro de Farias, Karina Perrelli Randau


Objectives: evaluate the epidemiological aspects of accidents with venomous animals, focusing on snakebites and phytotherapic measures adopted by the rural population in municipalities in the interior of Alagoas. Materials and methods: this is a quantitative, descriptive research, carried out between 2016 and 2017 in the Alagoas backlands. To select the participants, the “snowball” method was used. For data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire was used. The data were analyzed using Excel 2007 software, and the relationship between the variables was evaluated by Spearman's correlation. Results: of the 600 accidents with venomous animals reported, the most prevalent were caused by snakes (47.00%) and scorpions (31.44%), while 21.56% by other animals. A weak correlation (r = 0.33) was observed between the municipality and the occupation of the job. Of the 282 registered snakebites, the Viperidae family was predominant with 74.46% of the cases. Most accidents were with Bothrops/ Bothrocophias (36.52%) and Crotalus (28.37%) genus. The medicinal plants used were barbatimão (52.00%), paratudo (21.00%), bellyache bush (15.00%) and sweet potato (12.00%), applied as leaf maceration (60.00 %), tea compress (29.50%) and use of garrafada (10.50%). Conclusion: in the region of Alagoas, medicinal plants are used as a phytotherapic alternative to minimize the symptoms and effects of snake venom.


Snake Bites; Poison; Phytotherapy; Public Health.

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